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Dagobert Peche

Dagobert Peche

*  1887 St. Michael im Lungau
† 1923 Mödling/Österreich

From 1908 until 1911 Dagobert Peche studied mechanical engineering at the Viennese technical institute before switching to architecture at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste. After finishing his studies, Dagobert Peche designed china and carpets for mass production. Although his formal language initially showed Baroque and Rococo influences, Dagobert Peche was just as interested in the new art trends of his day, especially the possibilities opened up by industrial production methods and the standardization of form they required. Dagobert Peche joined the Deutscher Werkbund and showed work at the 1914 Werkbund exhibition in Cologne. In 1915 Dagobert Peche became a member of the Wiener Werkstätte. In 1903 Josef Hoffmann, Koloman Moser, and the banker Fritz Wärndorfer had founded the Wiener Werkstätte, which continued to employ numerous designers to design crafts objects and produce them until 1932. Moser only remained one of the artistic directors until 1907 and there was another upheaval in 1914, when Wärndorfer emigrated to America. In Otto Primavesi the Wiener Werkstätte found a new backer but under his tenure the Wiener Werkstätte tended to make less exclusive products. After designing for two years for the Wiener Werkstätte, Dagobert Peche became one of its directors. Dagobert Peche was one of its most creative members, designing some three thousand objects in the period from 1915 to his death in 1923, including china, furniture, bookbindings, jewelry, fashions, textiles, and even Christmas tree decorations. Dagobert Peche played a major role in shaping design at the Wiener Werkstätte. Unlike the stringent geometry and clarity distinguishing the work of Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser, Dagobert Peche's works exemplify the more rounded, eclectic style that predominated at the Wiener Werkstätte from 1915.