Sale: 535 / Evening Sale with Collection Hermann Gerlinger, Dec. 09. 2022 in Munich Lot 39

 

39
Erich Heckel
Landschaft bei Rom, 1909.
Oil on canvas
Estimate:
€ 400,000 - 600,000

 
$ 396,000 - 594,000

+
Landschaft bei Rom. 1909.
Oil on canvas.
Hüneke 1909-12. Vogt 1909-25. Monogrammed and dated in lower left. Once more signed and dated on the reverse. Titled on the stretcher. 70 x 80.5 cm (27.5 x 31.6 in). [SM].

• This is one of just a few preserved paintings that Heckel made on a journey through Italy in 1909.
• "Landschaft bei Rom“ is a highlight of both his early creative period in general and his works from the Italian journey in particular.
• The artist captured the Italian landscape's red-hot atmosphere with sponatenous and rampant brushstrokes.
• Siginificant exhibition history, part of, among others, the important "Brücke" exhibition at Galerie Arnold in Dresden in 1910, and at Tate Gallery in London in 1964
.

PROVENANCE: Galerie Goldschmidt & Wallerstein, Berlin (before 1928, with the label on the stretcher).
Galerie Günther Franke, Munich.
Edith and Berthold von Bohlen und Halbach (presumably acquired from the above in 1953, with the label on the stretcher).
Galerie Peter Griebert, Munich.
Collection Hermann Gerlinger, Würzburg (acquired from the above in 1973, with the collector's stamp Lugt 6032).

EXHIBITION: Brücke, Galerie Ernst Arnold, Dresden, September 1 - September 30, 1910, no. 11.
Erich Heckel, Kestner-Gesellschaft Hanover, January 15 - February 25, 1919, no. 2. (with the label on the stretcher).
Erich Heckel, Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt a.M., April 1919, no. 2.
Erich Heckel, frühe und späte Bilder, Galerie Günther Franke, Munich, January 6 - February 28, 1953, no. 1.
Erich Heckel, Städtisches Museum, Duisburg, July 20 - September 1, 1957, no. 12.
Brücke. Eine Künstlergemeinschaft des Expressionismus 1905-1913, Museum Folkwang, Essen, October 12 - December 14, 1958, no. 27.
Painters of the Brücke, Tate Gallery, London, October 30 - December 6, 1964, no. 8.
Freunde des Museums sammeln, Museum Folkwang, Essen, April 20 - July 23, 1972, no. 7.
Erich Heckel, Museum Folkwang, Essen, September 18 - November 20, 1983, no. 17.
Die Brücke in Dresden 1905-1911, Galerie Neue Meister, Dresden, October 20, 2001 - January 6, 2002, no. 308 (with illu.).
Die Brücke und die Moderne 1904-1914, Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg, October 17, 2004 - January 23, 2005, no. 129.
Im Rhythmus der Natur, Landschaftsmalerei der "Brücke", Städtische Galerie, Ravensburg, October 28, 2006 - January 28, 2007, p. 74.
Expressiv! Die Künstler der "Brücke". Sammlung Hermann Gerlinger, Albertina Vienna, June 1 - August 26, 2007, pp. 132f.
Im Farbenrausch. Munch, Matisse und die Expressionisten, Museum Folkwang, Essen, September 29, 2012 - January 13, 2013, no. 35.

LITERATURE: Heinz Spielmann (ed.), Die Maler der Brücke. Sammlung Hermann Gerlinger, Stuttgart 1995, p. 178, SHG no. 202 (with illu.).
Hermann Gerlinger, Katja Schneider (eds.), Die Maler der Brücke. Inventory catalog Collection Hermann Gerlinger, Halle (Saale) 2005, p. 167, SHG no. 376 (with illu.).

"I live ten minutes from San Popolo, right between my house and a dilapidated palace, the path goes up to Villa di Papa Giulia on the right, leading through the Arco oscuro to the Aqua acetosa, through vineyards past lush gardens and fields on gentle hills."

Heckel to Rosa Schapire on April 16, 1909.

Called up: December 9, 2022 - ca. 18.16 h +/- 20 min.


An important trip to Italy

On his trip through Italy in the spring of 1909 Erich Heckel discovered the south. From February to June, the 26-year-old artist traveled to various places and regions, including Vicenza, Ravenna, Umbria, Tuscany and Naples. His main destination was Rome, where the painter rented his own studio in mid-April. He went on day trips to the surroundings of the Campagna and the Alban Hills. Heckel's fascination with the country south of the Alps resulted in a large number of paintings, watercolors, drawings and prints. The painting "Landschaft bei Rom" is both an outstanding highlight from Heckel's Italian journey and one of the highlights of his early creative period. In Italy, Heckel was not interested in the usual sights or famous monuments, but in the depiction of the original Mediterranean landscape and the everyday life of the people. Hence his pictures of Italy are not so much in line with the bourgeois ideas of a southern Arcadia as the ideal world of past cultural epochs; instead country and people became a field of formal experimentation, for new ways of expression. Heckel reacted to what he observed and experienced with a quick, impetuous gesture of brush and pen.

A pictorial account of an experience

The large-format canvas painting was demonstrably made on site: Heckel provided information about the creation of the painting in his studio in Rome in a letter to the Hamburg art historian and "Brücke" patron Rosa Schapire dated April 16, 1909. In addition to the sketch of the painting with dimensions and details contained therein (fig.), Heckel described his situation by saying, "I live 10 minutes from San Popolo, just between my house and an old dilapidated palazzo, the path to the right leads to Villa di Papa Giulia and through the Arco oscuro to the Aqua acetosa through vineyards past lush gardens and fields on gentle hills.“ He continues about his artistic work and the scenic impressions:"I have painted and drawn quite a bit here; the vineyards are still red and the green of the crops is very intense. It is almost always the same: charming lines of hedges and walls, and furrows and fields that follow the curves and slopes of the hillsides, nestling along them and intersected by other hills. [..] The last few days have been wonderful, blue flickering skies and hot sun, so I am well and working early and in the afternoon." (Quoted from: Transcription of the letter in the estate of Erich Heckel, Hemmenhofen)

Nature captured on canvas
Heckel's light- and color-flodded creation "Landschaft bei Rom" breathes his passionate experience of the southern surroundings. Fully filling the format, the natural scenery of gardens, fields, vineyards, hedges, pine trees and single buildings with a raised horizon builds up in front of the viewer. Coarse brushstrokes and two-dimensional simplifications, intensely luminous color chords and a dynamically moving painting style characterize the vital expressiveness of the representation. Through the lively pictorial language, the immediate visual experience, from which Heckel had gained the powerful expression of the painting, communicates itself very directly and vividly to the viewer. Thin, softly curved brushstrokes, open areas of the painting ground and the restriction to a few, radiant color tones lend the work a watercolor-like, loosened lightness. This reveals the impression of the painting of the "Fauves", which Heckel and the "Brücke" artists discovered in an exhibition at Galerie Arnold in Dresden in the fall of 1908. This impulse gained further impetus by a visit to the large Matisse exhibition at Paul Cassirer's Berlin gallery in January 1909 . Heckel's "Landscape near Rome" exemplifies this change in style. The multifaceted natural scenery spreads out before our eyes. This testifies to Heckel's preference for a landscape depiction from an elevated position, which, in terms of a both deep and wide perspective solution, would characterize the composition of many later pictures. Heckel's pictorial organization was modeled on the landscape’s specific formal structure. The dense and rhythmically staggered topography sometimes had an almost decorative-ornamental quality. Heckel captured a comparable motif in the painting "Häuser bei Rom" (fig.).

Increased color intensity
In Italy, Heckel executed his paintings with glue-bound distemper: "The fresco and the glue paint have this same, colorful effect. When I went to Italy in February 1909, I took some glue paints with me and made some studies on canvas", he later explained the special, matte surface texture of the Italian paintings to Max Sauerlandt (letter dated March 20, 1924, Hamburg State and University Library, Max Sauerlandt estate). In Heckel's view of the Roman landscape, the natural form is transformed into an impulsive, expressive gesture. Under the impression of the southern sun, the colorfulness gains an increased intensity. With vehement and virtuosic brushstrokes, Heckel's painting celebrates the beauty of the lush Italian vegetation and rural architecture. "My goal is to attain a decorative, calm effect, but on the other hand everything pushes for spontaneity and passion", he explained to his Swiss fellow "Brücke" member Cuno Amiet shortly before embarking on the journey (letter from January 30, 1909, quoted from: ex. cat. Künstler der "Brücke," Brücke Museum, Berlin 1975, p. 15).

Andreas Gabelmann



 

Buyer's premium, taxation and resale right compensation for Erich Heckel "Landschaft bei Rom"
This lot can be purchased subject to differential or regular taxation, artist‘s resale right compensation is due.

Differential taxation:
Hammer price up to 500,000 €: herefrom 32 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 500,000 € is subject to a premium of 27 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 500,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 2,500,000 € is subject to a premium of 22 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 2,500,000 €.
The buyer's premium contains VAT, however, it is not shown.

Regular taxation:
Hammer price up to 500,000 €: herefrom 25 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 500,000 € is subject to a premium of 20% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 500,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 2,500,000 € is subject to a premium of 15% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 2,500,000 €.
The statutory VAT of currently 19 % is levied to the sum of hammer price and premium. As an exception, the reduced VAT of 7 % is added for printed books.

We kindly ask you to notify us before invoicing if you wish to be subject to regular taxation.

Calculation of artist‘s resale right compensation:
For works by living artists, or by artists who died less than 70 years ago, a artist‘s resale right compensation is levied in accordance with Section 26 UrhG:
4 % of hammer price from 400.00 euros up to 50,000 euros,
another 3 % of the hammer price from 50,000.01 to 200,000 euros,
another 1 % for the part of the sales proceeds from 200,000.01 to 350,000 euros,
another 0.5 % for the part of the sale proceeds from 350,000.01 to 500,000 euros and
another 0.25 % of the hammer price over 500,000 euros.
The maximum total of the resale right fee is EUR 12,500.

The artist‘s resale right compensation is VAT-exempt.