Sale: 545 / Evening Sale, Dec. 08. 2023 in Munich Lot 6


Erich Heckel
Blühende Kresse, 1907.
Oil on canvas
€ 550,000 - 750,000

$ 577,500 - 787,500

Blühende Kresse. 1907.
Oil on canvas.
Lower left monogrammed and dated. Once more signed and dated on the stretcher. 68.5 x 76 cm (26.9 x 29.9 in).

• Heckel stages a true color frenzy with complimentary contrasts.
• Maximum dissolution of color and form.
• In the face of the tremendous war losses, owning a landscape from 1907 is something very special
• Works of this quality are of utmost rarity

PROVENANCE: Walter Bareiss, New York (until 1964).
Galerie Roman Norbert Ketterer, Campione (presumably since 1964).
Private collection North Rhine-Westphalia (since 1975, acquired directly from the above)
Ever since family-owned.

EXHIBITION: E. Heckel - Dangast, Schmidt-Rottluff - Dangastermoor, Augusteum, Oldenburger Kunstverein, September 27 - Ocotber 17, 1908, cat. no. 43
Erich Heckel, Zur Vollendung des siebten Lebensjahrzehnts, Landesmuseum Münster, July 18 - September 15, 1953, cat. no. 3.
Erich Heckel, frühe und späte Bilder, Galerie Günther Franke, Munich, January 6 - February 28, 1953 (with the label on the stretcher).
Maler der "Brücke" in Dangast von 1907 bis1912, Kunstverein Oldenburg, June 2 - June 30, 1957, cat. no. 6.
Brücke. Eine Künstlergemeinschaft des Expressionismus 1905-1913, Museum Folkwang, Essen, October 12 - December 14, 1958, cat. no. 9.
Painters of the Brücke, Tate Gallery, London, October 30 - December 6, 1964, cat. no. 3.
Moderne Kunst
Erich Heckel zum 90. Geburtstag. Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen, Graphik, Roman Norbert Ketterer, Campione d'Italia, 1973, p. 12, cat. no. 3 (fig.).

LITERATURE: Andreas Hüneke, Erich Heckel. Werkverzeichnis der Gemälde, Wandbilder und Skulpturen, vol. I: 1904-1918, Munich 2017, p. 35, no. 1907-41 (fig.).

Lothar-Günther Buchheim, Die Künstlergemeinschaft Brücke, Feldafing 1956, p. 109, cat. no. 79.
Galerie Kornfeld Auktionen, May 1964, lot 411.
Paul Vogt, Erich Heckel. Œuvre-Katalog der Gemälde, Wandmalerei und Plastik, Recklinghausen 1965, cat. no. 1907-8.
Galerie Roman Norbert Ketterer (ed.), Moderne Kunst V, Campione, 1968, cat. no. 33.

"I chose the coastal village, which at that time consisted of a few houses only and can pride itself for being the oldest seaside resort on the German North Sea coast, more or less by chance. Erich Heckel reported that he had found Dangast on a map in an atlas, when looking for places to stay at the coast with Schmidt-Rottluff."

Gerd Wietek, Maler der "Brücke" in Dangast von 1907 bis 1912, Oldenburg 1957, p. 10.

Called up: December 8, 2023 - ca. 17.10 h +/- 20 min.

There are only a few landscapes of this outstanding quality that Erich Heckel made in 1907. In 1965, Paul Vogt, author of the catalogue raisonné, had to declare the majority of Heckel's paintings created between 1905 and 1910 destroyed or lost. And with the catalog raisonné published in 2017, edited by Andreas Hüneke, we gain certainty: A landscape from 1907 is very rare and special indeed.

Schmidt-Rottluff first visited Dangast in mid-May 1907, and Erich Heckel came to the small fishing village on the Jade Bay in the Oldenburg region in late June the same year. At the age of 24, the young Heckel, native of Döbeln in the gentle hills of the ‘Freiberger Mulde’ in Saxony, had found his first painter's paradise. The self-taught artist, who studied architecture in Dresden and worked in the architecture bureau of Wilhelm Kreis, experienced a creative boost under the vast skies of the Oldenburg countryside. The "Brücke" painters went on their legendary summer excursions to the Moritzburg Ponds near Dresden, generally regarded a first apex in the work of the artist group, only after Dangast, or simultaneously in the years 1909 and 1910. The paintings that Heckel and his friend Karl Schmidt-Rottluff created in Dangast and its surroundings between 1907 and 1912 are among the most consummate landscapes of German Expressionism. "It is incredible how strong the colors are here, an intensity almost too sharp for the eyes. Yet the color chords are of great simplicity. Painting here actually means: to be humble in front of nature, and to do so in the right place, perhaps that’s a definition of art," Schmidt-Rottluff wrote to Gustav Schiefler, Hamburg judge, art collector, patron and art critic, in 1909.
Heckel's impasto brushstroke is still strongly reminiscent of the powerful late impressionist phase of Vincent van Gogh. But the colorfulness derived from unmixed primary tones already corresponds far more to the revolutionary colors of the French "Fauves". During the four summers that Heckel and Schmidt-Rottluff spent in Dangast together, their style continuously developed towards a generous flatness that finally broke with the function of painting as an image of any kind of reality. The likeness in style to his friend Karl Schmidt-Rottluff is obvious, while the differences in character between the artist friends remained. Likewise, they also chose similar motifs of this landscape. Technique and painting style, such as the broad, impasto brush or even the use of painting putty, are also similar, and even the strong palette is common to both artists. Ernst-Ludwig Kirchner also developed a similarly rough, staccato style of painting at that time.

Erich Heckel painted an unusually color-intensive section of a summer landscape and captures it in complementary color contrasts that transform the calm noon in the marsh into an optical glow. A plane of pure colors, red and green, sprawls in front of a hedge in a strong green. The artist uses two smaller, barely visible trees to add perspective to the color blaze. The brushstrokes transform the surface of the painting into a dynamic field of forces; creating an impression characterized by artistic passion and spontaneity. In September 1907, Heckel wrote to Gustav Schiefler from Dangast: "I have been back here in peace and nature for a few days now, which makes me feel really good after the exhausting days of life in the city." (Heckel to Schiefler, The earlier works that Heckel created during his stays in the Oldenburg Land show a mature artist with a palette of powerful and intensive colors who knows how to render homage to the flat coastal landscape with a grandiose color dynamic. [MvL]


Buyer's premium, taxation and resale right compensation for Erich Heckel "Blühende Kresse"
This lot can be purchased subject to differential or regular taxation, artist‘s resale right compensation is due.

Differential taxation:
Hammer price up to 800,000 €: herefrom 32 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 800,000 € is subject to a premium of 27 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 800,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 4,000,000 € is subject to a premium of 22 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 4,000,000 €.
The buyer's premium contains VAT, however, it is not shown.

Regular taxation:
Hammer price up to 800,000 €: herefrom 27 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 800,000 € is subject to a premium of 21% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 800,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 4,000,000 € is subject to a premium of 15% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 4,000,000 €.
The statutory VAT of currently 19 % is levied to the sum of hammer price and premium. As an exception, the reduced VAT of 7 % is added for printed books.

We kindly ask you to notify us before invoicing if you wish to be subject to regular taxation.

Calculation of artist‘s resale right compensation:
For works by living artists, or by artists who died less than 70 years ago, a artist‘s resale right compensation is levied in accordance with Section 26 UrhG:
4 % of hammer price from 400.00 euros up to 50,000 euros,
another 3 % of the hammer price from 50,000.01 to 200,000 euros,
another 1 % for the part of the sales proceeds from 200,000.01 to 350,000 euros,
another 0.5 % for the part of the sale proceeds from 350,000.01 to 500,000 euros and
another 0.25 % of the hammer price over 500,000 euros.
The maximum total of the resale right fee is EUR 12,500.

The artist‘s resale right compensation is VAT-exempt.