(Fränzi) Kind in der Hängematte. 1909. Watercolor and black chalks. Lower right signed and dated. Lower left titled. On thin smooth paper. 22.5 x 28.5 cm (8.8 x 11.2 in) , the full sheet.
PROVENANCE: Graphisches Kabinett Wolfgang Werner, Bremen (verso of frame with the label) (here titled "Fränzi"). Private collection Great Britain. Grisebach, Berlin, Auction 100, 7.06.2002, lot 27. Private collection North Rhine-Westphalia.
EXHIBITION: Max Pechstein and the Artists of the Brücke, New York, Helen Serger La Boetie Inc. October-December 1984, cat. no. 29 (verso of frame with the label). Die Brücke in Dresden 1905-1911, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Galerie Neue Meister October 20th 2001 - Januyr 6th 2002, cat. no. 348. Der Blick auf Fränzi und Marcella - Zwei Modelle der Brücke-Künstler, Heckel, Kirchner und Pechstein, Sprengel Museum Hannover August 29th 2010 - January 9th 2011, cat. no. 64 with color illu. on p. 93.
"Subsumed under the denominations 'Brücke' and 'Expressionism' and connected with the forms of expressions that were typical of his own youth, Erich Heckel made the early works incunables of 20th Century Art and opened up new artistic perspectives to the watercolor." Werner Mayer, in: Ex. cat. Erich Heckel. Aquarelle, Reutlingen 1988, p. 9
The watercolors from Erich Heckel's "BrÃ¼cke" days in Dresden are characterized by bright and intensive colors and a sketchy and spontaneous composition. The depicted person doubtlessly is FrÃ¤nzi, who sat model for the "BrÃ¼cke" artists on many occasions as of 1909. When Roman Norbert Ketterer asked Erich Heckel in 1958 what it was that he particularly remembered of the year 1909, he answered: "In my memory it is her [FrÃ¤nzi] [..] a special event from 1909 that must be seen in connection with the relatively planar painting [..] These pictures were made with thinned paint [..] By 1909 this method had become [..] standard for all of us." (Quote after: Klaus Albers/Gerd Presler, Festschrift for Eberhard W. Kornfeld on occasion of his 80th birthday, special print, p. 215). Our watercolor is a prime example of this development.