Sale: 496 / Evening Sale, Dec. 06. 2019 in Munich Lot 150

 
150
Wilhelm Lehmbruck
Kleine Sinnende, 1910/11.
Estimate:
€ 30,000 / $ 33,000
Sold:
€ 70,000 / $ 77.000

(incl. 25% surcharge)
Lot description
Kleine Sinnende. 1910 /11.
Plaster, resmains of an ocher tint, yellowish lacquer and spots of Shellac (see condition report).
Schubert 55 C a 1 (of C b 6). With the name on one side of the base. From an edition of ca. 12 copies in this make (cast in 1920), which were distributed through Galerie Tannenbaum in Mannheim and the Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames in Frankfurt am Main. Height: 53.3 cm (20.9 in).
Find more images and a video clip of this work on our homepage.
Alongside the sculptures "Knienden" and the "Gestürzten", the "Kleine Sinnende" is among Lehmbruck's most famous works.
• Next to bronzes, terracotta or stone casts this is one of the artist's plaster casts.
• Alignment charcaterized by calmness and posture.
• Historically interesting provenance
.
We are grateful to Prof. Dr. Dietrich Schubert, Heidelberg University, Dr. Mario-Andreas von Lüttichau, Mr. Peter Bux, Leipzig,and Dr. Mathias Listl, Kunsthalle Mannheim, for their kind expert advice.
Accompnaied by an examintiona dand classification of the cast carried out by Peter Bux, restorer VDR, Leipzig, dated October 4, 2019.

PROVENANCE: Herbert Tannenbaum, Mannheim/Amsterdam/New York.
Family Tannenbaum/Newmann, New York (family ownership until 1987).
John C. Whitehead, New York (acquired from the family Tannenbaum/Newmann in 1987 through the agency of Jakob Hermann Guttmann, New York and Achim Moeller, New York).

EXHIBITION: Große Kunstausstellung Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf 1911, cat. no. 1768 (different copy)
Presumably: Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Wilhelm Lehmbruck. Hermann Lismann. Oskar Moll, March 1918, no. 2 (Presumably).
Presumably: Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Karl Hofer. Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Nov. 1920, Nr. 60 (without material, copy from mentioned edition?).
The Whitehead Collection, Late 19th and 20th Century French Masters, A Collection in Progress, Achim Moeller Fine Art, New York, April-May 1997, p. 146, cat. no. 87 (this copy, with illu. on p. 147).
Wilhelm Lehmbruck, ex. cat. Staatsgalerie Stuttgart 2018, cat. no. 7 (diferrent copy).

LITERATURE: August Hoff, Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Berlin 1933, p. 7 (with illu.; bronze version).
August Hoff, Wilhelm Lehmbruck. Seine Sendung und sein Werk, Berlin 1936, p. 25 (with illu.; bronze version).
Dietrich Schubert, Die Kunst Lehmbrucks, Dresden 1990, pp. 167-168, illu. 122 (different copy).
Wilhelm Lembruck, ex. cat. Staatliche Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Nationalgalerie Berlin, May-July 1973, illu. 4 (bronze version).
From Daumier to Matisse. Selections from the John C. Whitehead Collection published by Achim Moeller Fine Art, New York 2002, p. 28 (with illu.).

Essay
When Lehmbruck went to Paris in 1910 he met Henri Matisse, Alexander Archipenko, Constantin Brancusi and Amadeo Modigliani who inspired his move towards Expressionist sculpture. The "Kleine Sinnende" is Lehmbruck's first sculpture made after he his relocation to Paris and in context of the new artistic context. In Paris Lehmbruck found his very own style. In its primary conception it is characterized by a physicality that draws on the statuary volume. First and foremost, it unfolds its effect in space. It was Lehmbruck's merit to add a new emotional dimension to the sculpture. "Only a shaper willing to look deep into nature, one who carries a sound understanding of nature inside and who is able to bring his craft to perfection, may dare to bring intentions of expression of such vehemence to the natural form" (Paul Westheim, Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Potsdam-Berlin 1919, p. 35). This addresses the core idea of what Lehmbruck sought to realize in his works. It is no longer the idealism of past eras, but a deep internalization of complex spiritual states.
Lehmbruck exhibited a 'Standing Woman' and the 'Kneeling Woman' at the 'Salon d'Automne'. In 1911/12 the 'Salon des Indepéndents' and the 'Sonderbund-Exhibition' in Cologne, too, included works by Lehmbruck. The artist moved to Berlin at the beginning of the war and worked as a medical orderly in a field hospital in 1915/16. Shocked and disgusted after this military service he spent the two last war years in Zurich. He returned to Berlin in the winter of 1917 as a broken man and committed suicide a few weeks later. While his early Parisian works still reflect Aristide Maillol's heavy sculptural volume, Lehmbruck's figures gradually abandoned the classical style and became more expressive with elongated room-filling forms and increasingly architectural and abstract.
150
Wilhelm Lehmbruck
Kleine Sinnende, 1910/11.
Estimate:
€ 30,000 / $ 33,000
Sold:
€ 70,000 / $ 77.000

(incl. 25% surcharge)