Sale: 400 / Modern Art, Dec. 08. 2012 in Munich Lot 14

 
14
Georg Kolbe
Rivalen, 1908.
Bronze
Estimate:
€ 20,000 / $ 24,000
Sold:
€ 43,920 / $ 52.704

(incl. 22% surcharge)
Lot description
Rivalen. 1908.
Bronze with dark brown patina on stone base.
One of a maximum of 12 casts. 23,5 x 16,5 x 8,5 cm (9,2 x 6,4 x 3,3 in). Stone base: 15,3 x 16 x 9,5 cm (6 x 6,2 x 3,7 in).
The small edition was published by the art dealer Paul Cassirer. The gypsum cast is in possession of the Georg-Kolbe-Museum, Berlin.

We are grateful to Dr. Ursel Berger, Georg-Kolbe-Museum, Berlin, for her kind expert advice.

Georg Kolbe, one of the most successful sculptors of his time, first studied painting in Dresden and Munich. The sculpture of Rodin, which he studied closely during a sojourn of half a year in Paris in 1897, and Louis Tuaillon awakened Kolbe's interest in sculpture. When Kolbe moved to Rome in 1898, Tuaillon, the most important Neo-Classicist sculptor played an important role. Kolbe's first portrait sculptures were made under Tuaillon's guidance. After six years during which he also travelled in Italy, France, Belgium and Holland, Kolbe decided to return to Germany and moved to Berlin.

The heterogenous motion process in this plastic marks a period in Kolbe’s creation that Berger describes as follwos: "Kolbe was occupied with the examination of Maillol in these days; in December 1907 he bought a bronze by the French artist in the gallery Cassirer. It was not one of the calm stabding or seated female figures, but presumably 'Les deux Lutteuses' from 1900. In 1907/08 Kolbe was interetsed in teh same theme: young people fighting with one another " (transl. Of quote after: Ursel Berger, Georg Kolbe. Leben und Werk, Berlin 1990, pp. 34 and 36).

He remained in military service until 1918 when he was sent to the Black Forest as an infantryman. In the same year the Prussian Ministry of Cultural Affairs appointed him professor. Kolbe's early sculptures, simple, harmonious nudes influenced by Rodin, but also by Maillol, seek a harmony between the body and the soul. During the 1930s he turned towards a more heroic monumentality. In 1936 the 'Reichskulturkammer' accepted the 'Deutscher Künstlerbund', of which Kolbe was the chairman, as a member. Towards the end of the war the artist's house and studio were damaged so that he moved to Hiershagen in Silesia until the beginning of 1945. After his return to Berlin he underwent several eye operations, which were unsuccessful, however. In addition to this his cancer reoccurred and Kolbe died on 20 November 1947. Apart from his numerous portraits Kolbe , who was one of the first autonomous sculptors and thus no longer determined by his sponsors, concentrated on nude sculptures which influenced the following generation of sculptors. [KD].

14
Georg Kolbe
Rivalen, 1908.
Bronze
Estimate:
€ 20,000 / $ 24,000
Sold:
€ 43,920 / $ 52.704

(incl. 22% surcharge)