Sale: 393 / Post War/Contemporary Art, June 09. 2012 in Munich Lot 213

 
Wols (d.i. Wolfgang Schulze) - Ohne Titel


 
213
Wols (d.i. Wolfgang Schulze)
Ohne Titel, 1947.
Watercolor
Estimate:
€ 14,000 / $ 16,800
Sold:
€ 26,250 / $ 31.500

(incl. 25% surcharge)
Lot description
Ohne Titel. Um 1947-49.
India ink and Watercolor.
Gutbrod A 824 (who calls for a date of 1951), Werner Haftmann 1282. Inscribed "Wols" in lower right by a hand other than that of the artist. On paper. 26 x 18,7 cm (10,2 x 7,3 in), the full sheet.
A stylistically clear work , made by the artist shortly before his death.

Accompanied by a photo expertise issued by Dr. Ewald Rathke, Frankfurt a. M., dated 22 May, 2011.

PROVENANCE: Alexandre Jolas, New York.
Galerie Saqqârah, Gstaad.

EXHIBITION: XXIX. Biennale, Palazzo Centrale, Retrospettiva di Wols, Venice, 14 June - 19 October 1958 (no illu.).

Wols - born as Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze in Paris in 1913 - is considered one of the most important modern artists. Wols moved to Dresden with his family in 1919, where he discovered his lively interest in painting in 1927. He was impressed above all by Paul Klee, Otto Dix and George Grosz. The artist began an apprenticeship as a photographer in 1930 and attended classes at the Reiman-Schule, the Berlin school of applied arts. Moholy-Nagy advised Wols, who had applied at the Bauhaus, to go to Paris. Here he painted and worked as a portrait photographer and a German teacher. He was given his first large commission as a photographer in 1937 at the Paris World Exhibition. At the outbreak of the war Wols was sent to an internment camp near Aix-en-Provence. He managed to flee in 1940 and hid in Cassis near Marseilles, where he spent his time drawing and painting in water-color. He had to flee from the Germans in 1942 and went to Montélimar. After his return to Paris he had his first exhibition of water-colors in 1945 at the Galerie Drouin, which was not very successful, however. A second exhibition in the same gallery two years later, on the other hand, was a sensational success.

Through the interplay of figuration and abstraction Wols became one of the precursors of Informel and one of the main representatives of Tachism. In these days he created a new form of non-figurative art. The historically dramatic moments of the post-war era went down in Wols‘ sensitive art with outmost intensity. The composition’s clearly structured order is enlivened by Wols’ subjective and spontaneous impulse. In his expertise Dr. Ewald Rathke points to "the subtle and precise lineament" in our sheet, that makes it an unmistakable work.

His encounter with J.-P. Sartre and S. de Beauvoir awakened a lively interest in Existentialist philosophy which is also reflected in Wols' artistic work. As a precursor of the Informel and one of the main artists of Tachism Wols produced a rich oeuvre he refers to as 'Zirkus Wols', which was initially inspired by the Surrealist psychic Automatism. The different aspects in his work seem to continually inspire one another. Wols occupied himself not only with painting and graphic art but also with photography. His musical and literary talents are also reflected in his art. His painted work contains figurative elements as well as free improvisations and abstract elements. Spontaneity and immediateness determine the creative work of Wols, who never underwent any formal artistic training. Randomness plays an important role in his unstructured compositions. In later years Wols was particularly interested in the combination of powerful brushstrokes with a relief-like painted surface structure. After his death in 1951 works by Wols were shown at the Kassel documenta II - III between 1955 and 1964. [EH/KH]

213
Wols (d.i. Wolfgang Schulze)
Ohne Titel, 1947.
Watercolor
Estimate:
€ 14,000 / $ 16,800
Sold:
€ 26,250 / $ 31.500

(incl. 25% surcharge)