Sale: 393 / Post War/Contemporary Art, June 09. 2012 in Munich Lot 223

 
Andy Warhol - Marilyn

223
Andy Warhol
Marilyn, 1967.
Silkscreen in colors
Estimate:
€ 140,000 / $ 154,000
Sold:
€ 170,800 / $ 187.880

(incl. 22% surcharge)
Lot description
Marilyn. 1967.
Silkscreen in colors.
Feldmann/Schellmann/Defendi II. 31. Signed and with stamped number on verso. One of 250 copies. On light smooth cardboard. 91,3 x 91,3 cm (35,9 x 35,9 in), the full sheet.
Printed by Aetna Silkscreen Products, Inc., New York. Published by Factory Additions, New York.

The artist, whose original name was Andy Warhola, began studying design in 1945 at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. He moved to New York in 1949 and soon became a successful advertising artist. Around the middle of the 1950s the artist began making his shoe drawings, the details of which are supposed to represent typical features of famous personalities. In 1959 he designed wrapping paper together with Nathan Gluck, which was printed with hand-made stamps. Warhol began making his comic-strip figures, such as Batman, Dick Tracy and Superman at the beginning of the 1960s, which were soon followed by his first portraits of Elvis and Marilyn as well as "Disaster", his "Do it Yourself" pictures and the Campbell's soup cans as icons of the American world of consumption. These silk-screen prints were exhibited in 1962 in the New York Stable Gallery and soon led to the artist's comet-like rise to fame. The artificiality of the consumer world became the artistic motto of Warhol and his assistants, who worked and lived together in the "Factory", Warhol's studio. This was where he produced his series covering the entire range of every-day-life and triviality, such as Coca Cola bottles or Dollar notes.

“Warhol used a shot from the film “Niagara“ from 1953 for the Marilyn series […]. Warhol‘s portrait documents the origin of a legend. It shows how the primary sense of portrait photography, that is the exact illustration of people superimposed and deformed by a secondary sense that sees something different in the depicted person: the perfect creature, fulfillment of sexual desire, the embodiment of the American dream and so on. And it shows – and this is just where the legend begins. Even though the secondary sense may be projection, it is a “true image“, for it is anchored in the “reality“ of a real person. The Marilyns are fictitious and real at the same time, they show a being that is above man and yet is one of them.“ (Michael Lüthy, in: Andy Warhol. Thirty are better than none, Frankfurt am Main 1995, pp. 51 ff).

Towards the end of the 1960s Warhol began concentrating on films, the theatre and multimedia happenings with the band "The Velvet Underground" - to him merely an extension of the painting medium. He also founded the journal "Interview". Warhol survived an attempted assassination by Valerie Solanas in 1968 in which he was shot and severely wounded. Warhol returned to painting as a medium in the 1970s and then collaborated with Jean-Michel Basquiat and Francesco Clemente and produced the TV program "Andy Warhol Television". Warhol is one of the most important members of Pop Art, who radically changed the perception of art and aesthetic with his works by varying the idea of Pop in his artistic work. By abandoning the claim for originality and creativity he was a precursor of later tendencies in the development of art: series instead of individuality was his motto. During his last years Warhol supported other artists like Keith Haring or Robert Mapplethorpe. After his death, his hometown Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania opened the 'Andy Warhol Museum' in his honor. [KH/CB].

223
Andy Warhol
Marilyn, 1967.
Silkscreen in colors
Estimate:
€ 140,000 / $ 154,000
Sold:
€ 170,800 / $ 187.880

(incl. 22% surcharge)