Sale: 374 / Modern Art, Dec. 04. 2010 in Munich Lot 20

 
Franz Marc - Zwei Rehe im Walde

20
Franz Marc
Zwei Rehe im Walde, 1908.
Pen and ink drawing
Estimate:
€ 30,000 / $ 33,000
Sold:
€ 42,700 / $ 46.970

(incl. 22% surcharge)
Lot description
Wash Pen and ink drawing in brown
Lankheit 360. With inscription "2 Rehe [..] Wald" on verso margin . On glassine. 11 x 15,8 cm (4,3 x 6,2 in), size of sheet

PROVENANCE: From the artist's estate
Galerie Stangl, Munich.
Private collection North-Rhine Westphalia.

EXHIBITION: Franz Marc: Aquarelle - Zeichnungen - Graphik, Galerie Neue Kunst Fides, Dresden, 9 October - 18 November 1927, cat. no. 30.
Franz Marc Gedächtnisausstellung, Kestner Gesellschaft, Hanover, 4 March - 19 April 1936, cat. no. 113.
Franz Marc Gedächtnisausstellung, Galerie v.d. Heyde, Berlin, May 1936, cat. no. 70.
Franz Marc, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, 10 August - 13 October 1963, cat. no. 43.

Born in Munich in 1880, Franz Marc began to study theology and philosophy at Munich University in 1899. In 1900 Marc switched to the Munich Art Academy, where his teachers were Gabriel von Hackl and Wilhelm von Diez. During a trip to Paris in 1903, Franz Marc was particularly taken with Impressionist painting. After this trip Marc dropped out of the academy and worked in Munich for some years. In 1907 Marc married the painter Maria Schür, a single mother with a child, but by 1908 the marriage had ended in divorce and Marc entered on a liaison with Maria Franck, whom he did not marry until 1913. Influenced by van Gogh's work, Marc became interested in the inner being of the animals which were his favorite motifs.

Deer, horses and cows are recuring motifs in the paintings and paper works by Franz Marc. His reference to animals, whose anatomy Marc captures in numerous studies, is of a fundamental meaning for his artistic creation. Even in his alienated works, which primarily correspond to colors, Franz Marc remains true to the findings he had once gained on the animals‘ character, even if he seeks to visualize an ever new reference to existence in his interpretations, which is less aimed at animals, but rather an exploration of the creation myth.

Marc's first exhibition took place in 1910 at Brakl's modern art gallery, with the support of Bernhard Koehler, his patron. That same year the 'Neue Künstlervereinigung München' mounted its second exhibition, which was roundly criticized. Marc's review caused him to be taken into Wassily Kandinsky's circle. However, the group was so fraught with internal tensions that 'Der Blaue Reiter' was formed. In addition to an exhibition by the 'Neue Künstlervereinigung München' ('NKVM'), the Thannhauser Gallery mounted an exhibition in 1911 devoted to 'Der Blaue Reiter', which toured Germany, being shown at Cologne, Berlin, Bremen, Hagen and Frankfurt. In 1912 the second 'Blauer Reiter' show featured prints. That same year the 'Almanach Der Blaue Reiter' was published by Marc and Kandinsky. Franz Marc's style changed following a trip he took to Paris with August Macke in autumn 1912, where they visited Delaunay. Impressed by Delaunay's window pictures and the artists of Futurism, Marc began to break down his pictorial forms prismatically and to use more pure color and contrasts. He incorporated representations of animals in these refracted pictorial forms as the vehicles for symbolism. Marc was by now far on his way to abstraction yet the figurative symbolic animal forms continued to recur because to him they meant spiritual purity and redemption. Marc did his well-known painting 'Tirol' (1914) while under the spell of a trip to the South Tyrol (1913) with Maria Marc. In summer 1914 Marc painted his most important works, 'Der Turm der Blauen Pferde' and 'Tierschicksale'. That year Marc planned to produce an illustrated Bible in collaboration with Kandinsky, Kubin, Klee, Heckel and Kokoschka. Marc volunteered when the first world war broke out and was sent to France. He fell at Verdun on 4 March 1916. Franz Marc's last work is his 'Skizzenbuch aus dem Felde' ['Sketchbook from the Battlefield']. [KD].

20
Franz Marc
Zwei Rehe im Walde, 1908.
Pen and ink drawing
Estimate:
€ 30,000 / $ 33,000
Sold:
€ 42,700 / $ 46.970

(incl. 22% surcharge)