* 1924 San SebastiŠn
† 2002 San SebastiŠn
On 10 January 1924, the Spanish sculptor Eduardo Chillida was born in San SebastiŠn in the Spanish Basque region. Chillida began to study architecture in 1943, but he soon dropped out of that university. Instead he enrolled in the private art college "Circulo de Bellas Artes" in Madrid and mainly worked with plaster and clay at the beginning. Even with his first sculptures he made a positive impression on the critics. In 1949 Chillida went to Paris and started to work on iron sculptures. Back from Paris he went to Hernani where, in 1950, he finished his abstract sculpture "Ilarik". With this work he realised his perception of plastic art where space is in the center of attention. In the following years his plastic work as well as his graphics are increasingly influenced by this perception of spacial limits. During the subsequent years Eduardo Chillida became a reknown sculptor and graphic artist. His pieces are not only shown at numerous international exhibitions, but also at many documenta exhibitions and biennale events. In Venice Eduardo Chillida was awarded the Great International Sculpture Award in 1958. Two years later he received the Kandinsky Award. In 1980 the Guggenheim Museum dedicated a restrospective to him in New York. Eduardo spent the last years of his artistic work in San SebastiŠn. Chillida's work makes him one of the most important sculptors who realised their object in a concrete style. The main characteristics of his pieces are homogenous materials and the division into figural forms. Eduardo Chillida died in San SebastiŠn on 19 August 2002.