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Charlotte Perriand

Biographies
Charlotte Perriand

*  1903 Paris
† 1999 Paris


Born in Paris in 1903, the French designer Charlotte Perriand attended the École de l'Union centrale des Arts décoratifs from 1920 until 1925. Then Charlotte Perriand collaborated with Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret from 1927 until 1937. Charlotte Perriand had an important share in the many furniture designs the trio produced during the years they worked together. At the 1929 "Salon d'Automne", the three designers showed revolutionary tubular steel furniture and modular furniture systems as what they called "Équipement de l'habitation" (home equipment) and achieved widespread recognition for them. These strikingly functional pieces of furniture include the "Basculant B301", an armchair with a tubular steel frame and a seat and back covered in calf hide, the "Chaise longue B306" (later the "LC4" chaise longue), and the "B302", seating furniture with a round upholstered seat and a round, upholstered back armchair. Another felicitous design by the three is the 1928/29 is the aptly named "Grand Confort B302" (later "LC3"), a piece of comfortable seat furniture with thick upholstery. From 1931 Charlotte Perriand also showed work alone, notably at the exhibitions mounted by the Union des Artistes Modernes (UAM), which viewed itself as a countermovement to the establishment "Salon d'Automne" and advocated Art déco versteht and Modernism. In 1937 Charlotte Perriand and Pierre Jeanneret showed their joint design for a mountain chalet of sheet aluminium at the "Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne". Later Charlotte Perriand also collaborated with Jean Prouvé and Georges Blanchon on plans for prefab aluminium houses. Between 1940 and 1946 Charlotte Perriand lived in Japan, where she advised the Japanese Board of Trade on design. Unsurprisingly, Charlotte Perriand's later designs also reveal overtones of Japanese form; her Japanese-inspired designs include the 1953 "Synthèse des Arts" chair. For Cassina, Charlotte Perriand Ende was in charge of re-releasing the Le Corbusier furniture in the 1970s.