Sale: 525 / Evening Sale, Dec. 10. 2021 in Munich Lot 211


Max Liebermann
Garten mit Palme und zwei weiblichen Figuren, 1908.
Oil on canvas
€ 200,000 - 300,000

$ 232,000 - 348,000

Garten mit Palme und zwei weiblichen Figuren. 1908.
Oil on canvas.
Bottom right signed. 53 x 64.5 cm (20.8 x 25.3 in).
The work has been inquired as a loan for the following exhibition:
Max Liebermann in Noordwijk. Die Küste mit allen Sinnen. Exhibition at Liebermann-Villa on Wannsee from June 19 to September 19, 2022.
• One of Max Liebermann's first garden pictures.
• Of seminal significance for the later "Wannsee-Bilder". The artist created an atmospheric summery scene that anticipates the appeal and nuanced coloring of later works.
• Other garden pictures are in collections like the Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (1916), the Kunsthalle Bremen (1924) and the Gemäldegalerie Neue Meister, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (1924)

Accompanied by a written expertise from Prof. Dr. Matthias Eberle, Max Liebermann-Archive, Berlin, from March 21, 2016. The work will be included into the addenda of the catalog raisonné of paintings with the number 1908/36a.

PROVENANCE: Private collection (until 2016).
Private collection Germany.

EXHIBITION: Hans Purrmann. Kolorist der Moderne, Kunstforeningen GL Strand, Copenhagen, April 27 - September 15, 2019, Kunsthalle Vogelmann, Heilbronn, October 19, 2019 to February 6, 2020 (no illu.).

"Liebermann only discovered the garden as a motif at the age of sixty during a summer stay in the Dutch resort Noordwijk in 1908. [.] Around eight years later, during the war, his garden on Wannsee would become a key motif in Liebermann's creation. "
Prof. Dr. Matthias Eberle, 2016.

Called up: December 10, 2021 - ca. 17.52 h +/- 20 min.

Max Liebermann only discovered the garden as a motif for his artistic work in later years. The charm of the garden as nature cultivated by man had previously preoccupied the impressionists Claude Monet, Edouard Manet and Camille Pissarro. The first points of contact in Max Liebermann's work can be traced back to the 1880s and 1890s while the artist traveled the Netherlands and Italy. In "Stevenstift in Leyden" (Eberle 1889/6 and 1890/2), for example, a lush, splendidly blooming rose garden is shown in the right part of the picture, and a few years later, presumably during a stay in Zandvoort, individual rural garden views emerge, among them the "Garten mit blühenden Sonnenblumen“ (Garden with Blooming Sunflowers, Eberle 1895/13 and 1895/14). Liebermann finally became acquainted with the beauty of the Northern German farm gardens through the then director of the Hamburger Kunsthalle, Alfred Lichtwark (1852–1914) in the 1890s. A discovery that might have been part of the reason why he purchased property on the Großer Wannsee in Berlin a few years later. After a joint visit to a garden in the Hamburg marshlands, Lichtwark recollected that Liebermann "let his gaze wander over the long flower beds", "over the regular, transverse vegetable beds behind them". He reported: "Soon he stood in front of the front door and observed the effect of the garden, then in front of the arbor, enjoying the sight of the house, which [.] lay in the gentle shade cast by the row of cropped linden trees [.] I have a villa built at home, which is now also becoming a trend here in Berlin, then I will have a garden laid out like this one [.] " (A. Lichtwark, quoted from: ex. cat. Im Garten von Max Liebermann, Hamburg / Berlin 2004/2005, p. 12).

In 1908, the year our work was created, Liebermann once again spent the summer in the Dutch seaside resort Noordwijk. Here the artist (also in the following summers) created a few atmospheric garden views of a private property he visited, among them "Garten in Noordwijk" (1908, Eberle 1908/36) and "Garten in Noordwijk-Binnen" (Eberle 1909/20), in which Liebermann depicts very similar flower beds with pink flowers, carefully tended lawns and terracotta pots with exotic plants. In partly impasto manner and with passionate, energetic brush strokes and a particularly lively paint application, the artist made a Chinese hemp palm the main motif of the delightful garden scene. Liebermann shows the potted palm tree with shades of green changing in the sunlight, surrounded by dotted, cheerful patches of colors from the flower beds that line the path in front of which he placed an unobtrusive figure staffage. The play of light and shadow continues on the slightly shaded path leading into the depths and thus forms a particularly fine atmospheric summer scene. "His ability to experience with his eyes and to create through them always stayed alive in him with the same energy. (Hans Ostwald, 1930, quoted from: Max Liebermann. Wegbereiter der Moderne, Hamburger Kunsthalle, September 30, 2011 to February 19, 2012, p. 176).
Liebermann did not acquire the spacious lakeside plot of land on Wannsee before 1909, shortly after he had begun with the work offered here. In the following months he not only had a summer residence built here, the today famous Liebermann Villa, but also designed an impressive, multi-layered garden paradise together with Alfred Lichtwark. Integrating artistic and architectural principles, they created a kitchen garden, flower beds, hedges and bushes, trees and lawns merging with the surrounding lake landscape and the villa itself, forming a harmonious unit - following the English concept of the garden as a "living space in the open", just the way he had come to know and appreciate in Noordwijk. From 1910 onwards, the Wannsee garden helped Liebermann to achieve astonishing artistic yield. The result is a comprehensive series of works with a multitude of charming depictions of the magnificent complex, which enriches the artist's early work in a surprising way. The work offered here was created in 1908, before Liebermann acquired the Wannsee property, and is a document of a key moment in Liebermann's oeuvre: the turn to a completely new motif and the beginning of the famous garden pictures work period, which today is considered the climax of his extensive late creative period. [CH]


Buyer's premium, taxation and resale right apportionment for Max Liebermann "Garten mit Palme und zwei weiblichen Figuren"
This lot can be purchased subject to differential or regular taxation.

Differential taxation:
Hammer price up to 500,000 €: herefrom 32 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 500,000 € is subject to a premium of 27 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 500,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 2,500,000 € is subject to a premium of 22 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 2,500,000 €.
The buyer's premium contains VAT, however, it is not shown.

Regular taxation:
Hammer price up to 500,000 €: herefrom 25 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 500,000 € is subject to a premium of 20% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 500,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 2,500,000 € is subject to a premium of 15% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 2,500,000 €.
The statutory VAT of currently 19 % is levied to the sum of hammer price and premium. As an exception, the reduced VAT of 7 % is added for printed books.

We kindly ask you to notify us before invoicing if you wish to be subject to regular taxation.

Resale right apportionment:
In accordance with §26 of German Copyright Act, a droit de suite charge of 2.4% including VAT is levied for original artworks and photographs for the compensation of the statutory right of resale.