New Image Painting
The term "New Image Painting" describes North American neo-expressive art of the time after 1978, which formed as a counter movement to especially Concept Art. New Image Painting saw its heyday in the 1980s. European pendants were the "Jungen Wilden" (Young Wild Ones) in Germany, the Italian movements "Transavanguardia" and "Arte Cifra" as well as the French "Figuration Libre".
Similar to its European occurrences, New Image Painting was also characterized by a subjective and individualized free figuration that consciously turned against abstraction and the intellectual positions of Minimal Art and Concept Art, in order to attain a more sensual, expressive and emotionally charged form of art. The individualization of New Image Painting led to a symbolic encryption of the pictures, which is just as characteristic for the movement as the spontaneous gestural approach and a post-modern citation habit.
Besides the simultaneously occurring European Neo-expressionism, other sources of influence on New Image Painting were Francis Picabia and his stylization and Sigmar Polke (born in 1941) with his combination of painting, photography and overdrawn photos.
Susan Rothenberg (born in 1945), David Salle (born in 1952) and Julian Schnabel (born in 1951) count among the main representatives of New Image Painting.