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Lygia Clark

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Lygia Clark

*  1920 Belo Horizonte/ Brasilien
† 1988 Rio de Janeiro


Lygia Clark, one of the most important figures of Brazilian post war art, was born in Belo Horizonte in 1920. As of 1947 she studied art in Rio de Janeiro and moved to Paris in 1950, where she continued her studies. In Paris Lygia Clark also worked with Fernand Léger.
As of 1952 Lygia Clark lived in Rio de Janeiro again. In 1954 she was founding member of the artist association "Grupo Frente", together with, among others, Ivan Serpa, Álvaro Siza Vieira, Lygia Pape, Franz Weissmann and Palatnik. In the second half of the 1950s she made the series of works called "Modulated Surfaces" and "Counter-Reliefs", and in 1959 Lygia Clark was among the signers of the "Neoconcrete" manifesto.
Between 1958 and 1960 Lygia Clark stayed in New York for some time, where the striving young Brazilian artist was received the Guggenheim International Award. Back in Rio de Janeiro, Lygia Clark worked on the series of geometric metal parts called "Creatures" between 1960 and 1964, and between 1970 and 1975 Lygia Clark taught at the Faculté d'Arts Plastiques St. Charles at the Sorbonne in Paris.
Lygia Clark's paintings and objects art, which stand in the tradition of geometric abstraction of Brazilian post war Constructivism, has been quite successful since the 1950s. In the 1960s Lygia Clark became more and more open for a conceptual idea of art. The interaction of work and observer in a context of psychology and sensory perception increasingly played a role. From the late 1970s on artistic methods in a sense of art therapy gained in importance.
Numerous participations in the Biennale of São Paulo as well as the Venice Biennale (1968) and posthumously at the documenta (2007) in Kassel contributed to her world-wide popularity. Grand collections such as the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the London Tate Collection, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid and the Parisian Centre Pompidou show works by Lygia Clark.
Lygia Clark, who was honored with a large retrospective at Itaú Cultural in São Paulo in 2012, died in Rio de Janeiro in 1988.