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Kaare Klint

Biographies
Kaare Klint

*  1888 Fredericksberg
† 1954 Kopenhagen


The Danish furniture designer Kaare Klint studied painting at Fredericksberg Polytechnic from 1903 before serving an apprenticeship under his father, the architect P.V. Jensen Klint. After completing his apprenticeship qualification, Kaare Klint worked in the architecture practice of Kai Nielsen and Carl Petersen. In 1914 Kaare Klint co-designed, with Carl Petersen, a chair in the Neo-Classical style for the Faborg Museum, which Carl Peterson built for the art collector Mads Rasmussen. From 1917 Kaare Klint worked as a self-employed designer, designing furniture for the firms of Fritz Hansen and Rudolf Rasmussen. In 1924 Kaare Klint became director of the recently founded furniture-making school at the Copenhagen Art Academy. From 1944 Kaare Klint was also a professor of architecture there. As a teacher Kaare Klint exerted an enormous influence on the development of Danish design. With his students, Kaare Klint carried out anthropometric measurements and investigated the functions of furniture. As a design theorist, Kaare Klint emphasized crafts tradition and craftsmanship, for which meticulous attention to detail and a thorough grounding in materials were the essential requirements. New forms for furniture types should not, according to Kaare Klint, represent a radical break with tradition but should rather be viewed as an evolutionary development of existing forms that had proved their worth. Kaare Klint's teachings formed the basis for the renewal of Danish design after 1945. Kaare Klint's own signature pieces include the "Deck" (1933), a wooden chair with a fold-out foot, and the "Safari" chair (also 1933). These two Kaare Klint classics represent reinterpretations of pre-existing chair types.