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Charles Le Brun

Biographies
Charles Le Brun

*  0 Paris
† 0 Paris


Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) is regarded the most influential representative of the French Louis-quatorze style.
The painter, ornamental- and handicraft artist was born in Paris in 1619. Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) showed remarkable talent for art as a young boy and was sent to serve an apprenticeship with Perrier at the age of 13. Between 1634 and 1637 Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) was student of the famous Simon Vouet. As early as in 1640 Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) received commissions from Richelieu.
The chancellor Séguier, also an early supporter of Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) enabled the young artist to join Nicolas Poussin on a journey to Rome in 1642. Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) stayed in the Eternal City to study ancient art, Rafael and Carracci for three years. After he had returned to Paris, Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) married Suzanne Butay, a court painter's daughter in 1647. In his profession Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) also became increasingly successful: in 1648 he was among the founding members of the Académie Royale, in 1668 he had the director’s post. In 1662 Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) was given a peerage and appointed "Premier Peintre du Roi", as of 1663 he was in charge of the king's painting collection. Additionally, Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) was head of the royal gobelin and furniture manufactory.
It was for these offices that Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) was able to coin the representative absolutist baroque style in many different genres. Next to paintings with historical, mythological, allegoric and religious scenes, altar screens and portraits, Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) also executed paintings for important buildings. Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) was also highly acknowledged as decoration and ornament painter. Charles Le Brun's word was almost the law as far as questions of Parisian baroque were concerned. In academy struggles he led the strict "Poussinists" againts the sensual "Rubenists". This was only the case until the death of Charles Le Brun's patron Colbert, for his successor Louvois preferred his competitor Pierre Mignard.
In 1690 Charles Le Brun (Charles Lebrun) died in his hometown.